Gum disease is a chronic condition that affects a large number of patients. In fact, the disease, also known as periodontitis, is the leading cause of adult tooth loss. Periodontitis arises when bacteria build up in the gums, causing inflammation and tissue recession. If you are suffering from these or any related symptoms, we can provide effective gum disease treatment at our Chandler, AZ office. In many cases, we will recommend scaling and root planing to eliminate bacteria. However, at Value Dental Centers Chandler, we provide completely personalized care and can recommend an alternative treatment, if needed. We will also help you to monitor and protect your long-term oral health.
What Causes Gum Disease?
When bacteria develop in your mouth, they will move from your teeth to your gums. Resting along your gum line, they will cause mild inflammation and redness. This condition, called gingivitis, is the first stage of gum disease, and it is reversible. However, if gingivitis goes unchecked, the bacteria will continue to spread. Eventually, they will move deep into your gums, creating pockets around your dental roots. This chronic stage of gum disease is called periodontitis.
Neglected dental hygiene is the number one cause of gum disease. Brushing, flossing, and regular dental visits are essential for oral health. Nevertheless, there are several other factors that can contribute to the development of gum disease. Risk factors include smoking, advanced age, a diet high in sugar, certain medications, and a poor immune system.
The Symptoms of Gum Disease
As bacteria move deeper into your gums, inflammation and other symptoms will worsen. Common signs of periodontitis include:
- Red, inflamed gums
- Tooth sensitivity, especially in response to temperature changes or sugar
- Halitosis (chronic bad breath)
- Gum recession
- Loose teeth or tooth loss
Gum Disease Treatments
Tooth loss occurs during the most severe stages of gum disease. Therefore, you should seek periodontal treatment as soon as you notice the first symptoms to minimize the extent of dental damage. If you have gingivitis, we can usually reverse the condition with a regular dental cleaning. However, if your condition has progressed to periodontitis, we may perform scaling and root planing. During this treatment, also known as a deep cleaning, your dentist or hygienist will remove bacteria from the pockets in your gums. He or she will also smooth the rough spots on your tooth roots. Because these areas can easily trap bacteria, scaling and root planing will help to prevent gum disease flare-ups. Often, we will prescribe topical or oral antibiotics in conjunction with a deep cleaning.
If you have particularly severe gum disease, you may require additional treatment. During a gum graft, your surgeon will use tissue, usually taken from your soft palate, to rebuild the recessed areas of your gums. This procedure will help to prevent further erosion. The tissue will also cover up your tooth roots, reducing dental sensitivity. In some cases, periodontitis can also lead to jaw recession. Accordingly, we may recommend a bone graft to restore your healthy jaw structure, as well as the natural proportions of your face.
The Importance of Gum Disease Treatment
We provide such a diverse range of procedures because we understanding the vital importance of periodontal care. If you do not seek treatment, your oral health will quickly deteriorate. As your gums start to recede, you could experience significant tooth loss, requiring extraction and extensive restorative care. Our gum disease treatments can protect your natural teeth, oral function, and your appearance.
Additionally, you should receive appropriate periodontal procedures because they can protect your overall physical health. Studies have linked gum disease to an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Some believe that oral bacterial can contribute to blood clots, directly leading to heart attack and stroke. Therefore, our thorough periodontal care could even save your life.